The log is centered on a lathe and turned against a broad cutting knife set into the log at a slight angle.
By slicing parallel to the center of the log, a raised "cathedral effect" is formed by the innermost growth rings
The slicing is made perpendicular to the annual growth rings of the tree. This creates a vertical grain appearance. Quarter Cut Oak will produce “Flake”.
This straight grain cut is derived by slicing red and white oak at a slight angle to minimize the irregularities in the wood.
There are numerous veneer matching techniques providing a wide variety of visual effects. By far, the most common methods for veneer matching on wood doors are Book Match and Slip Match illustrated here.
Book Match: This is the most commonly used match in the industry and it occurs when every other leaf of veneer is turned over, like the pages of a book. Visually, it offers a symmetrical pattern and it also yields maximum continuity of grain. Book matching is used most often with plain-sliced veneers.
Slip Match: This type of matching is often used with quarter sliced and rift cut veneers. It is similar to book except that every piece is simply “slipped” off the stack and joined together with its neighbor, always with the same side up. Visually, it shows the grain figure repeating but the joints will not show a mirrored effect.